As an important economic engine in Quebec, the agricultural sector provides approximately 56,400 jobs in the province and generated roughly $10 billion in farm cash receipts in 2020. Livestock farming and dairy production in particular are predominant. Grain corn is the no. 1 crop, though the province produces a wide variety of crops, which vary from one region to another.

The largest number of farms are found in the regions of Montérégie, Chaudière-Appalaches and Centre-du-Québec. Certain regions are recognized for more specific products, such as the southern Laurentides region for apples and Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean for berries. 

This industry is highly dependent on the climate, with temperatures and precipitation being key factors for plant growth. The agricultural sector is therefore particularly sensitive to climate change.

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